Salesian Publications :

The Cross on the Roof


About the Book

When did the Catholic Missionaries first come to Nepal? Who were they? What has happened to the Christian communities they built up? Why were the missionaries of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries so passionate to take the Gospel to Tibet? These and other questions are often asked about the Catholic faith in Nepal and Tibet, but seldom do we come across answers.

It may come as a surprise to many that the Christian missionaries had reached Tibet and Nepal long before Christian faith was preached in north and north eastern India.

The Mission in Tibet was established in 1703 by a Decree of the Propaganda Fide. As many as forty-nine Capuchin missionaries were sent out to the Tibetan Mission in ten different expeditions between 1704 and 1745. They were welcomed by the highest authorities of the land and people including the Dalai Lama held debates with the missionaries on religion. They even built a Church on the outskirts of Lhasa in 1726 dedicated to the Assumption of Our Lady. The Mission in Nepal was started as a stepping stone to Tibet. Between 1716 and 1769 twenty-nine missionaries laboured in four mission centers in Nepal, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Patan and Navakot. They too were welcomed by the Rajas and were given houses to stay and freedom to preach the Christian Law in their kingdoms.

Prior to the arrival of the Capuchins to Tibet, the Jesuits had tried more than once to enter Tibet. The exploration of Tibet and the origins of Tibetan Mission are linked with the ‘Jesuit Legation’ at the court of the Great Mughal, Akbar the Great.

‘The Cross on the Roof’ is a humble effort to revisit these forgotten pages of Church history and keep alive the memory of the pioneer missionaries and their persevering attempts to reach and preach the Christian faith on the ‘The Roof of the world.’

About the Author

George Thirumalachalil is a Catholic Priest since 1982. He was Professor of History in Salesian College Sonada, Darjeeling for over fifteen years. He has pioneered a number of mission stations in Sikkim and Nepal. He is the author of Raindrops on the Young Green and has contributed a number of articles for Catechetical Journals. Currently he is Rector of Nepal Don Bosco School, Kathmandu.






George Thirumalachalil








There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “The Cross on the Roof”


Other Publications

Darjeeling Tea: Muscatel Memories

Darjeeling Tea: Muscatel Memories

For an industry, which started over a hundred and seventy years ago, it is important to preserve and cherish the little documents which link our glorious past to this present day.
Read More
Alumnews - January & February 2022

Alumnews – January & February 2022

Now during post Covid-19 era I hear lots of young children from the rural areas have either dropped out from schools or have lost connection with their school systems.
Read More
A Gentle Shepherd

A Gentle Shepherd

Alancheril Joseph Sebastian was born to Alancheril Joseph and Anna Palliadiyil on 5 November 1930 at Urulikunnam, near Poovarani in the Diocese of Palai in Kerala, India….
Read More
Back to their Future : Hypnotherapy for Psycho Trauma Management

Back to their Future : Hypnotherapy for Psycho Trauma Management

Traumatic stress is one of the most challenging experiences that can leave a person at the height of vulnerability to bio-psychosocial maladjustments.
Read More


“Eudaimonia”, the Greek word for the perfected life. It refers to an ideal life in an idyllic state of wellbeing – irrespective of the location you are in being scenic or not
Read More
Alumnews - June 2021

Alumnews – June 2021

Life is a conglomeration of various vicissitudes that embrace us at every junction. The process of growth is intrinsically linked with the dynamic process of learning via life’s experiences.
Read More

Salesian College, Sonada was accredited by NAAC on 16 September 2004 and was given the Grade C++ (Institutional Score between 65-70%). On 26 February 2010 Salesian College has been conferred the status of a College with Potential for Excellence (CPE) by UGC, New Delhi, and into its 2nd Cycle from 1st April 2014. In March 2012, the College was re-accredited by NAAC with ‘A’ Grade (CGPA of 3.16 out of 4) to be the first College to receive such grade under the University of North Bengal.

The College retained its A Grade under the New stringent Format of Accreditation in May 2019 and it is valid till 2024.

Salesian Publications, Salesian Research Institute, and Salesian Translation Centre offer opportunities for capacity building for aspiring teaching and research personnel of the region. Salesian College Extension Activities Centre has trained and placed over 600 youth of the region in collaboration with the Ministry of Rural Development and Don Bosco Tech, New Delhi. Salesian College invites young people and their parents to partner in nurturing an ideal society.


Salesian Journal of ‘Humanities and Social Sciences'

Salesian College, Siliguri Campus, Don Bosco Road, Post Box No – 73 P.O. : Siliguri – 734001, West Bengal, India.


Executive Editor:
Chief Editor:
For Submission:

© All rights reserved. Salesian Publications, Sonada & Siliguri Campus.

Design and Maintain @ Salesian Tech Team.